The Livelihood Development program is identified to address multiple dimensions of poverty prevailing among the community. The concept of livelihood is that it comprises the capabilities, assets (material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living. A livelihood is sustainable when it enables people to cope with and recover from shocks and stresses (such as natural disasters and economic or social upheavals) and enhances their well-being and that of future generations without undermining the natural environment or resource base. Sustainable Livelihood Framework (SLF) will be applied as an approach for designing and managing the program. The framework considers five core asset/capital categories (human, financial, social, natural and physical) and relationships between these assets upon which the livelihood of the people are built. Improving the assets of the poor and increasing their access to and utilization of the assets is believed to address multifaceted poverty (material and non-material aspects). Promoting environment friendly climate smart agriculture is one of major focuses as it is the important pillar in improving livelihood of the community.
Unfortunately, despite its high potential, agricultural development is facing critical challenges including rapid population growth, heavy dependence on rain fed agriculture, low production, degradation of soil fertility, recurrent drought, periodic floods, and degradation of natural resources. Climate change as reflected on increased temperature and change in amount and distribution of rainfall has seriously affected the livelihood of rural farming and pastoral communities in Ethiopia. The cycle of drought becomes more frequent and the impact becomes sever on assets of the community.In recognition of prevailing challenges, building on positive policy environments for contributing towards global commitment and to the national development priorities, EECMY-DASSC chose Livelihood Development as one of the three pillar program themes for the coming five years. The program focuses on food security and nutrition; natural resource management; income generation and asset building and water, sanitation and hygiene.The program, therefore, strives to achieve the following goal and strategic objectives:
Program Goal: Sustainably improve and enhance livelihoods of the rural and urban poor and vulnerable people.
SO 1: Enhance community capacity, asset building and improve food security at household level.
SO 2: Improve access to safe water supply, sanitation and hygiene
SO 3: Improve pastoralist community’s livelihoods
SO 4: Create enabling environment to reduce situations inducing migration and human trafficking